To see God’s real presence in the Eucharist, we must see God everywhere


The small marble table from a Roman-era home was adorned with carved acanthus leaves and the body of Dionysus. When I saw it in the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki, Greece, I broke down crying, though I had no idea why.

Several months later, while giving a talk for my diocese about Scripture and the Eucharist and discussing these tables, the same thing happened.

I choked up, fought back tears, and eventually had to apologise and take a quick break before I could continue talking. What is wrong with me?

I think I’ve figured it out. I was moved to tears because the ancient polytheists, those whom we often call “pagans,” saw God everywhere.

God was in every nook and cranny of their lives. God was at the entrance to their homes, in the marketplace, around their hearth, at the gymnasium and at their tables.

These were polytheists, of course, but these are the very people whose conversion made Christianity’s growth and success possible.

While we might look back on their lives and see them as superstitious or weird, there is a profound beauty and power in their piety.

The doctrine of the real presence in the Eucharist developed in a world where God was everywhere.

My Thessaloniki tears flowed at the realisation that today, we don’t see God anywhere.

The headline-making statistics about Catholics not believing in the real presence are a symptom, not a root cause. The root cause is a diminished sacramental worldview, a broad malaise in which God increasingly finds no foothold in anything we do.

The most common response in the church in the United States to the perceived lack of belief in the real presence has been to focus on adoration and catechesis.

The thinking goes that we can pray and teach our way back to the right path, so people will believe and understand the real presence.

Such activities, obviously, are well and good. But I can’t help wondering if they are misguided as an attempt to solve the problem.

I suspect that many of the reasons Catholics today don’t see God’s real presence in the Eucharist is because they don’t see God’s presence anywhere.

All the adoration and catechesis in the world will not help the problem if, deep down, individual believers do not have a vibrant sacramental worldview in which God’s is active everywhere.

Rather than focus only on adoration and catechesis, the Church would do well to work to inculcate a sacramental worldview, to seek out ways to experience God in all parts of our lives.

With this in hand, we will have a better foundation for the special presence of God in the Eucharist.

One way to breathe life into our sacramental worldview would be to think about how to experience God in other people, particularly the poor.

The Eucharist is not simply a moment for personal piety and reflection. It should never be only about “me and God.” The Eucharist is also about other people.

Jesus’s own self giving offers a pattern of life and self-denial that the Eucharist should create in our lives. Continue reading

  • Micah D. Kiel is a professor in the theology department at St. Ambrose University in Davenport, Iowa. He is the author of Apocalyptic Ecology and Reading the Bible in the Age of Francis.
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